There are three main types of hybrid vehicle; full hybrids, mild hybrids and plug-in hybrids. A full hybrid vehicle (FHEV) can run on just the combustion engine, for example; petrol or diesel. The plug-in-hybrids are an electric engine that is only powered from batteries. Mild Hybrid cars only use their electric motors to support the engine during acceleration and cruising, as the electric motor cannot power the car on its own.
Full Hybrid Vehicles (HEV)
Full Hybrid Vehicles allow drivers to drive short distances whilst using the battery. This reduces the amount of fuel consumption and provides more power when needed. When the vehicle is slowing down or is stationary the engine turns off and restarts back up when the driver accelerates.
The benefits of Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Purchasing Hybrid Electric Vehicles have many advantages. HEV’s are environmentally friendly and less dependent on fuel, therefor you will see the financial benefits in the long haul. These vehicles are built from light material, and they have smaller engines. Another advantage is that, these cars have automatic stop and stop and have regenerative braking system.
Mild Hybrid Vehicles (MHEV)
Mild hybrids are cars with an internal combustion engine equipped with an electric machine allowing the engine to be turned off whenever the car is stationary, braking, or stopped and they restart back up quickly. A Mild Hybrid is very similar to a Self-Charging Hybrid Vehicle, however the battery is smaller. The battery is there to help the petrol or diesel engine to perform more economically. Mild hybrid cars drive no differently to regular petrol or diesel cars and you can even get mild hybrids with a manual gearbox.
The benefits of MHEV’s
One of the benefits of having a MHEV is that you don’t need to charge the battery, as it will automatically charge itself. Furthermore, these vehicles are available as an automatic or as a Manual.
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV’s)
Plug in Vehicles are very similar to Full Hybrid Vehicles because they both function by battery and petrol or diesel. The PHEV’s can travel longer distance by battery than the Full Hybrid Vehicles. This type of vehicle requires the vehicle to be plugged into the mains to recharge.
The benefits of PHEV’s
The plug-in Hybrid Vehicles have many benefits. The owner of one of these vehicles will find that these vehicles are easy to drive and very fuel efficient whilst sitting in traffic. This means that theses vehicles are cheap to run, if they do regular drive 10 to 15 miles, also theses vehicles are tax efficient.
MHEV’s vs HEV’s
Mild Electric Vehicles cannot drive in zero emissions mode, whereas Full Hybrid Vehicles can drive in zero emissions mode up to 60% of the time. The reason for this is that, the MHEV’s have a less powerful battery and the HEV’s have a more power full battery.
The disadvantages of Hybrid Electric Vehicles
There are some disadvantages to owning a Hybrid Vehicle, however this will depend on the type of hybrid fuel that your vehicle uses.
Here is a list of some disadvantages of a hybrid car:
⦁ Less power
⦁ Expensive to purchase
⦁ Higher maintenance due to finding a mechanic with such expertise
⦁ Battery replacement cost is more expensive